(Source: EFP foresight guide)
As a Foresight exercise may make use of different (sets of) methods at different stages, finding the appropriate sequence of methods is one of the most delicate design steps. Indeed, it is an evolutionary process that needs continuous adaptation and in depth discussion with the sponsors, the team and other stakeholders.
In this respect it might be useful to distinguish the different functions that need to be performed in different phases of your exercise:
- Diagnosis: Understanding where we are
- Prognosis: Foresighting what could happen
- Prescription: Deciding what should be done
These functions might relate to specific phases of the process or they might come up at more than one point in time during the exercise.
The graphic shows a possible grouping of Foresight methods. The shape inside the circle shows how often each method has been used within a set of exercises collected and analysed by the EFMN (European Foresight monitoring Network)